Hello Readers, this post is to inform you about the Online Quiz Competition 2021 about the Independence struggle. A quiz organized by Madathilasaan Centre for Human Empowerment, NSS, NCC, Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat Club, and IQAC of KG College, Pampady, Kottayam, Kerala, to commemorate 75 years of glorious Indian Independence under the banner of Bharatheeyam, a one-year full-fledged program, in conjunction with the Government of India initiative, ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’.
India’s history is rich and varied, and it is not without its challenges. India struggled for 200 years to break free from the British Raj, making the fight for independence a protracted one.
While every day was a battle for the Indians fighting for independence, a series of crucial events shook the British monarchy, causing India to declare independence on August 15, 1947.
On the occasion of India’s 75th Independence Day, consider the following major events from the Freedom Struggle:
Revolt of 1857
The Sepoy Mutiny, also known as India’s First War of Independence, was the first time Indians banded together against the British Raj. In 1858, the East India Company’s control in India was dissolved, and the Company’s powers were transferred to the British Crown.
In 1885, the Indian National Congress was founded.
The Indian National Congress was founded in 1885. It surpassed the Muslim League as the most powerful party in the country, and it led the country in the struggle for independence.
Mahatma Gandhi returns to India in 1915.
Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation, returned to India from South Africa in 1915.
The Lucknow Pact was signed in 1916.
The Lucknow deal was an agreement between the Muslim League and Congress. Muhammed Ali Jinnah had a pivotal role. As a member of both the League and the Congress, he was able to persuade both parties to agree to put more pressure on the British to allow Indians to administer their country more liberally.
The Champaran Satyagraha takes place in 1917.
In 1917, Gandhi spearheaded an insurrection of Champaran farmers who were being compelled to grow Indigo without being adequately compensated.
Massacre of Jallianwala Bagh
To punish citizens for their “disobedience,” the British government issued an order prohibiting public meetings in 1919. Thousands of Indians came at the Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar on April 13 to celebrate the Baisakhi festival, despite the fact that they were uninformed of the order. Brigadier-General Dyer summoned troops and ordered them to begin fire on the crowd for 10 minutes. The army had also closed the main entrance, making it impossible for anyone to evacuate. To save themselves, many people jumped into wells. According to British government statistics, 350 individuals were killed in the massacre, although Congress claims the figure was as high as 1,000.